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ecca group south africa coal

Mining Weekly - Grootegeluk Coal Mine, South Africa

Grootegeluk Coal Mine, South Africa. ... The coal deposit forms part of the Ecca group and eleven coal-bearing zones can be distinguished. The coal seams mined at Grootegeluk form part of the ...

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Major Mines & Projects | New Denmark Mine

South Africa has one major sedimentary basin that contains thick, organic-rich shales - the Karoo Basin in central and southern South Africa. The Karoo Basin is large (236,400 mi2), extending across nearly two-thirds of the country, with the southern portion of …

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future coal newcastle south africa

Coal in South Africa - Wikipedia. The largest coal deposits in South Africa are to be found in the Ecca deposits, a stratum of the Karoo Supergroup, dating from the Permian period, between 280 and 250 MaThe Ecca Group is extensive, covering around two thirds of South Africa (much of it covered by slightly younger rocks - ,

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South Africa proved coal reserves 2018 | Statista

Its largest coal deposits are found in the Ecca Group, covering approximately two thirds of the country. ... This statistic represents proved coal reserves in South Africa in 2008 to 2018. In 2018 ...

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A provisional basinal study of the Waterberg-Karoo, South ...

A provisional basinal study of the Waterberg-Karoo, South Africa by MTIMKULU NHLANHLA MTIMKULU A thesis submitted in fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTERS IN SCIENCE in GEOLOGY in the FACULTY OF NATURAL AND AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES of the UNIVERSITY OF PRETORIA SUPERVISORS: Prof. PG ERIKSSON and Dr. AJ BUMBY July 2009

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Mineralogical, petrographic and geological controls on ...

deposits in South Africa. The coal seams are interbedded with clastic strata (sandstone, shale, conglomerate) of the Permo-Carboniferous Dwyka Group and Permian Ecca Group sedimentary rocks2. Mineralogical, petrographic and geological controls on coal ash fusion temperature from New Clydesdale Colliery, Witbank Coalfield, South Africa

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Major Mines & Projects | Zibulo Mine

After the Witbank Coalfield, the Highveld Coalfield is the next largest producing coalfield, on a tonnage basis, in South Africa. The coalfield is host to up to five coal Seams contained within the middle Ecca Group sediments of the Karoo Supergroup, approximately 280 million years in age.

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Palynofacies patterns of the Highveld coal deposits (Karoo ...

AITKEN G.A. 1994. Permian palynomorphs from the Number 5 Seam Ecca Group Witbank/Highveld Coalfields South Africa. Palaeontol. Afric. 31: 109. AITKEN G.A. 1998. A palynological and palaeoenvironmental analysis of Permian and Early Triassic sediments of the Ecca and the Beaufort groups Northern Karoo Basin South Africa.

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Coal deposits of South Africa - the future of coal mining ...

Coal deposits of South Africa - the future of coal mining in South Africa Stephan Schmidt Institute for Geology, Gustav-Zeuner-Str.12, 09599 Freiberg Abstract. This paper gives an overview over the deposits of hard coal in South Africa. South Africa is the fifth largest coal producing country in the world.

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Cape Bentonite Mine I Bentonite I Zeolite

The Cape Bentonite deposit is a Sodium-based Bentonite. Sodium Bentonite consists principally of one of the Smectite group of clay and minerals, Montmorillonite being the most common member. In addition, small amounts of Quartz, Cristobalite, Iron …

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XIX. SOUTH AFRICA - Unconventional Resources

XIX. South Africa EIA/ARI World Shale Gas and Shale Oil Resource Assessment June, 2013 XIX The Permian-age Ecca Group, with its organic-rich source rocks in the Lower Ecca Formation, is the primary shale formation addressed by this assessment. Of particular interest

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by - University of the Witwatersrand

PERMIAN PALYNOMORPHS FROM THE NUMBER 5 SEAM, ECCA GROUP, WITBANK/HIGHVELD COALFIELDS, SOUTH AFRICA. . by G. A. Aitken Bernard Price Institute for Palaeontological Research University of the Witwatersrand, Private Bag 3, Wits 2050, South Africa. ABSTRACT A palynological study of the number 5 seam in the Ecca group has …

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Palaeont. afr., 33, 40 (1997) - WIReDSpace Home

Palaeont. afr., 33, 40 (1997) CONTRIBUTIONS IN THE FIELD OF PALAEOPALYNOLOGY AT THE BERNARD PRICE INSTITUTE, PAST, PRESENT AND FUTURE by C.S. MacRael and G.A. Aitken2 1 P. 0.Box 905, Cullinan, 1000, South Africa

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Palynological records of the Permian Ecca Group (South ...

climatic signals could be used to correlate the basinal Ecca group facies with the fluvio-deltaic coal - bearing strata of the Witbank Basin. The palynological record of the No. 2 Coal Seam of the Vryheid ... The Karoo Basin hosts important coal resources of South Africa …

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Palynological records of the Early Permian icehouse ...

Request PDF | Palynological records of the Early Permian icehouse-greenhouse transition (Ecca Group, South Africa) | The Permian coal-bearing formations of the South African Karoo Basin play a ...

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Ecca Group - Wikipedia

The largest coal deposits in South Africa are to be found in the Ecca deposits, a stratum of the Karoo Supergroup, dating from the Permian period, between 280 and 250 Ma.The Ecca Group is extensive, covering around two thirds of South Africa (much of it covered by slightly younger rocks - …

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future coal newcastle south africa

Coal in South Africa - Wikipedia. The largest coal deposits in South Africa are to be found in the Ecca deposits, a stratum of the Karoo Supergroup, dating from the Permian period, between 280 and 250 MaThe Ecca Group is extensive, covering around two thirds of South Africa (much of it covered by slightly younger rocks - ,

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Investigation of potential water quality and quantity ...

west of the Daarby Fault, Limpopo Province, South Africa M Bester and PD Vermeulen* Institute for Groundwater Studies, University of the Free State, PO Box 339 Bloemfontein 9300, South Africa Abstract From South African and international experience, it is known that coal mining has a pronounced impact on surface and groundwater quality and ...

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A review of the stratigraphy and sedimentary environments ...

The present outcrop area of Karoo rocks in southern Africa is about 300 000 km 2 with a maximum thickness of some 8000 m. The economic importance of these sediments lies in the vast reserves of coal within the Ecca Group rocks of northern and eastern Transvaal and Natal, South Africa.

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A provisional basinal study of the Waterberg-Karoo, South ...

A provisional basinal study of the Waterberg-Karoo, South Africa by MTIMKULU NHLANHLA MTIMKULU A thesis submitted in fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTERS IN SCIENCE in GEOLOGY in the FACULTY OF NATURAL AND AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES of the UNIVERSITY OF PRETORIA SUPERVISORS: Prof. PG ERIKSSON and Dr. AJ BUMBY July 2009

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Coal Mining in South Africa | Afri Coal Investments (Pty) Ltd

The use of coal in South Africa dates back to the iron-age ( 1880 AD), when charcoal was used to melt iron and copper, but large-scale exploitation of coal did not occur until the mid th century. The largest coal deposits in South Africa are to be found in the Ecca Group, a stratum of the Karoo Supergroup, dating from between 280 and 250 Ma.

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ecca group mining

list of coal mining group in south africa Ecca Group, Dwyka Group Umtata Mining Law 2019 Laws and Regulations South Mining Law in South Africa covering issues of ,Relevant Authorities and Legislation,Mechanics of Acquisition of Rights,Transfer and Encumbrance,Environmental. Get price

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Cape Bentonite Mine I Bentonite I Zeolite

The Cape Bentonite deposit is a Sodium-based Bentonite. Sodium Bentonite consists principally of one of the Smectite group of clay and minerals, Montmorillonite being the most common member. In addition, small amounts of Quartz, Cristobalite, Iron and Titania and minerals occur.

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(PDF) Genetic stratigraphy for the Permian Witbank ...

These correlate with glauconitic and coal-bearing deposits of the Early Permian Ecca Group in southern Namibia (Kingsley, 1985) and South Africa (LeBlanc-Smith, 1980; Stanistreet eta/,, 1980) (Fig ...

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An overview of the Permian (Karoo) coal ... - ScienceDirect

Coal is the main source of energy in southern Africa. In 1997, 68% of the regions energy consumption was coal-based, while the rest of Africa depended primarily on oil for its energy needs (Energy Information Administration, 2000).In particular, coal consumption in South Africa accounts for 74% of the country's energy usage and in Zimbabwe, 51%.

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A review of the stratigraphy and sedimentary environments ...

The present outcrop area of Karoo rocks in southern Africa is about 300 000 km 2 with a maximum thickness of some 8000 m. The economic importance of these sediments lies in the vast reserves of coal within the Ecca Group rocks of northern and eastern Transvaal and Natal, South Africa.

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South Africa's coalfields a 2014 perspective

written detailing the coalfields of South Africa, the most important of these being: a review of the coalfields of South Africa in Bulletin 113 (Barker, 1999); a review paper on the Permian coals of southern Africa by Cairncross (2001); and a paper on the characterisation of the coal resources of South Africa by Jeffrey (2005a).

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(PDF) Petrographical and geophysical investigation of the ...

South Africa’s coal resourc es and one-third of the coal re- ... In the Ecca Group and Adelaide Subgroup (Beaufort Group) the sandstones are ultralithofeldspathic, but in the upper units of the ...

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SOUTH AFRICAN COAL SECTOR REPORT

completed to determine economic viability and based on a mine plan, can the coal be classified as a coal reserve. South Africa’s coal resources are contained in the Ecca deposits, a stratum of the Karoo Supergroup. There are 19 coalfields in the country and they are largely located in the north-

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ecca group mining

list of coal mining group in south africa Ecca Group, Dwyka Group Umtata Mining Law 2019 Laws and Regulations South Mining Law in South Africa covering issues of ,Relevant Authorities and Legislation,Mechanics of Acquisition of Rights,Transfer and Encumbrance,Environmental. Get price

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coal processing equipment in south africa

Coal in South Africa . The largest coal deposits in South Africa are to be found in the Ecca deposits, a stratum of the Karoo Supergroup, dating from the Permian period, between 280 and 250 Ma.The Ecca Group is extensive, covering around two thirds of South Africa (much of it covered by slightly younger rocks - see diagram on the left). Get price

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Palynological records of the Permian Ecca Group (South ...

climatic signals could be used to correlate the basinal Ecca group facies with the fluvio-deltaic coal - bearing strata of the Witbank Basin. The palynological record of the No. 2 Coal Seam of the Vryheid ... The Karoo Basin hosts important coal resources of South Africa …

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